The Cognitive Functions for the Standard Instruments and their Titles

  1. Organization of Dots (Projection of Virtual Relationships)—Identify patterns which are present but not immediately obvious, using clouds of dots to find  a series of overlapping geometric figures
  2. Orientation in Personal Space—Understand point-of-view, and orient oneself to the four positions of right, left, front, and back when detached from the learner’s own point of view
  3. Comparisons—Find similarities and differences using pictorial, geometric, and verbal input, leading to spontaneous comparative behavior
  4. Analytic Perception–Analyze different geometric designs through understanding of the relationships between wholes and  parts
  5. Categorization—Acquire classification processes according to labelled underlying principles, applied to objects, figures, numbers, and pictures
  6.  Instructions—Use verbal input to both follow instructions precisely and create verbal instructions for others to follow, using the processes of encoding, decoding, and inference
  7. Illustrations—Perceive, recognize, and solve situational problems that involve ingenious solutions, distinguish between what is absurd and/or humorous, and understand the need for reflective thinking
  8. Temporal Relations—Reorient one’s perceptions of time and increase one’s capacity to register, process, and sequence different types of time relationships
  9. Numerical Progressions—Seek “laws” or “rules” which form the basis for events, and deduce the relationships between events
  10. Family Relations–Use the terminology of the family to label and then understand and generalize about relationships among people in different organizations
  11. Orientation in Universal Space—Build on one’s understanding of the relative relationships derived from the earlier Orientation in Personal Space instrument to now grasp the stable system of reference of cardinal directions (north, south, east, west), thus integrating both systems
  12. Transitive Relations—Infer new relationships from those existing between objects or events that are described in terms of greater than, equal to, or greater than, using simple mathematical operations
  13. Syllogisms—Use formal operational logic, manipulating the concept of sets and the laws governing them and their members
  14. Representative Stencil Design—Use all the previous cognitive strategies acquired in earlier instruments to mentally (not motorically) construct colored composite designs using representations of stencils; students must identify both the individual stencils being used and the order in which they are mentally superimposed on each other.