Reuven Feuerstein, a cognitive psychologist in Israel, developed a cognitive education program for young children and functionally delayed adults, known as “Instrumental Enrichment Basic” (FIE). Additionally, a program known as “Instrumental Enrichment Standard” is designed for students aged 9 and above.
The Basic program has nine separate segments—called “instruments”—which are targeted to early learning needs in mathematics, literacy, and social interaction. Teachers are trained to mediate the students’ use of the instruments and strengthen their processes toward readiness for mathematics and literacy.
Each instrument involves the application of principles, thinking strategies, and application of discovered rules, in a variety of tasks; thus, the program enables students to better identify problems, form hypotheses, test hypotheses, make comparisons, and solve problems.
Each instrument focuses on one particular cognitive function that is pre-requisite to successful school learning; the tasks become increasingly complex and abstract. Implementation is recommended for one half-hour daily over a period of two years. Teacher training for the program requires one day of training per instrument.